Sunday, June 12, 2016

The Art of Architectural Photography: But Is it Authentic?

Recently I had the pleasure of joining two artist friends at the home of another artist, whom I was looking forward to meeting.  As it happened,  I had several poofs of the photographs for my book on India's magnificent architecture with me.  My friends encouraged me to show these to their friend, who had several black and white photographs hanging on his walls.  After he studied my photographs he acknowledged "Very nice work." He asked me about my cameras; were they genuine?  I knew exactly what he meant.  "Digital," I replied.  "Oh," he said, not unkindly.  "I prefer authentic photography: film."

Of course I have heard this many times since I switched to digital photography from film.  However, the artist's comment begs the question: What is authentic photography?  Well, photography is, in my opinion, light imaging.  This type of art goes back to the caves, before recorded time.  The cave people did not have film to my knowledge.  They used available light sources and objects with which to create projected imaging.  Then, in the early years, way before the legendary George Eastman and even before Leonardo's use of the camera obscura, the Chinese had a light imaging devise in 5th century BC.  It was a type of pin hole box for controlled light imaging.  Thus, when Eastman developed the ancestor of today's camera, was that authentic?  AND, was film authentic after glass/ lantern slides were so successful at capturing images?  There are countless examples of using light imaging, aka photography, through the ages.  As one technique succeeds another, is it more valid or a betrayal of the older technique?  This question seems to be more prevalent in the field of photography than in any other of the arts.  For example, I never heard that a literary work was less authentic because it was written on a computer and not in longhand.  Or that a painting was less valid because tubes of paint were used and not pigments contained in animal organs.

I believe it is the artist's self-expression that determines the worth of the work of art.

For most of my life I have devoted myself to art, whether it be painting, drawing, design or photography.  With each new available technique and equipment, I have gained knowledge about my personal aesthetic and its process.  I was trained in classical art techniques, architectural drawing (aka drafting), film photography and its developing and, for that matter, piano.  However, when novel ideas about art became available to me, I may not have embraced them, but I took advantage of new tools and ways of creating art.  I never thought one art was more authentic than another or one way of artistic creation was "better." For me the truth lay in how I used the techniques and materials to express my art.  And, of course, the completed work.

There is a story I like to tell about the worth of art.  My paternal Grandfather was a master jeweler. He came to the US in the late 1800's and apprenticed for seven years with a master in gold and precious stones.  His fame was within the industry and he designed and crafted marvelous pieces of jewelry for many wealthy and well-known people at a wooden bench in an office on Nassau Street in Manhattan, when Nassau Street was the center of the jewelry trade.  Occasionally, relatives and even I would ask him if some jewel or art object was "worth it (meaning the expense)."  His sage reply was always the same: "If you like it, it's worth it." 

Is digital photography authentic?  In my opinion and to paraphrase my Grandfather: If you like it; if the work appeals to you, it is authentic.

Black and White Architectural Photography: Amsterdam

Black and White Architectural Photography: Catskills, NY

Black and White Architectural Photography: Snug Harbor, NYC

Saturday, May 28, 2016

The Art of Architectural Photography and the Art of the Familiar

I recently received a request for an interview from a Malaysian university student majoring in design.  Very respectfully, through a series of questions, the student wanted to know what I thought of Art Deco.  I responded that I love Art Deco and believe that Art Deco will always be relevant to art.  Thinking carefully about the questions as to why I feel the way I do about the Art Deco genre, I understood that it was familiar to me as an aesthetic I grew up with and deeply admired as a child.  For that matter, Art Deco, with its geometric shapes and designs, is easily recognizable to most everyone anywhere.  Art Deco is based on the rudimentary mathematics we learn at a young age in school.  It echoes the straight lined forms of our lives and the everyday encounters with building, transportation, networks of communication and so forth.  In other words, Art Deco artists, architects and designers take the familiar and create the dynamically beautiful art that can translate geometric shapes and lines into art.  (Of course, math in its own way is art, but that is a different topic.)

So then, if Art Deco is familiar, is that cause to love the genre as I do?  I think so.  From the beginning of time, artists have been devoted to recreating, communicating and expressing their art through the familiar.  Monet did not simply paint water lilies because because he loved them.  They were familiar to him in his water garden in Giverny.  That he created the garden or that it was specifically planted as inspiration matters not.  Monet, over and over again, painted the beautiful blooms, leaves and reflections as well loved subjects.  This repetitive return to subject has been a mantra of many notable artists who either are commissioned to paint certain themes (John Singer Sargent's society portraits) and/or artists who see something in a subject they wish to capture again and again (Constable's landscapes).  The well-spring may also be from the imagination of the artist (Botticelli's paintings of mythical subject or Munch's psychological themes).  Whatever the reason, the artist may explore, out of necessity (commission painter to the court, such as Velasquez) or desire (Henri Fantin-Latour's flowers) or sheer enchantment (Disney's animated animals) art that is based on familiarity with the subject.

Art Deco themes have existed from the cave paintings, and probably before "discovered art."  The visual appeal of intricately interlocking forms attracts me as it does so many others.  I might spend a long time in Rockefeller Center simply looking at the exquisite friezes, details and murals.  The Empire State Building, Chrysler Building and many other spectacular examples of Art Deco architecture have captured my attention almost every time I am in Manhattan.  I use these building motifs repeatedly in my architectural photography.  However, the brickwork and stone Art Deco architecture I grew up with in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx is just as fascinating.  It is familiar and I return to it again and again, searching for new insights and opportunity.  And, the more I search for the new and unique, the more I return to find ever original aesthetics in the familiar.

Here are some of the Art Deco buildings I cherish and return to for inspiration, appreciation and pure aesthetic enjoyment:

Brooklyn Central Library: Sepia Architectural Photography

Brooklyn Apartments: Black & White Architectural Photography
Pine Street, NYC: Black & White Architectural Photography

 Bronx Apartments: Sepia Architectural Photography

 Bronx Apartments: Black & White Architectural Photography

Friday, May 20, 2016

The Art of Architectural Photography: Novoimago

Almost every artist seeks improvement, advancement, recognition for good work.  Of those artists whom I've encountered, few are completely secure in their capabilities for self-expression and their "place" in the art world.  With the exhilaration of creating a work of art, there comes for many, the doubts: Could it be better?  Could I do more?  Have I stretched my artistic ability?  Of course there are some who exceed their expectations and, in my opinion, that is wonderful.  Art, by its nature, is a singular, insular experience.  Even while working on a group project, there is the personal input, so deep that it must come from an inner source.  This effort, either combined with the work of others or built on previous personal projects, requires total dedication and devotion.

Through the years I have found that the art of creating itself is the most intense and productive aspect of my photography.  The picture taking, photographing subject is the chase.  Then remastering the images demands all of my skills and attention.  For many years these pursuits in my passion for photography and for creating the finest photograph I could absorbed all of my concentration towards my art and my profession.

In addition to photography, as I have mentioned in the past, I was involved with other art forms, such as drawing and painting.  These gave me insights into my photography and helped me with many aesthetic principals, such as composition, form and values.  For a number of years I did not spend too much time on these artistic endeavors, rather sticking solely to photography, transitioning from film to digital.  In the last couple of years, I have been exploring one facet of photography: its two dimensional properties. I have always sought the three dimensional on the flat paper or canvas: the elusive quality of depth and space that some techniques can render.

 After many attempts at using art media in photography and not producing a mixed media work but rather an enhanced photograph, I chanced upon a unique elucidation.  I used, very sparingly, gold leaf of various colors and pencil, ink, charcoal and pastel among other traditional painting and drawing media in my photography.  Although the art materials are incorporated into the photograph, they are used in the subtlest ways, lightly, sparsely, dabs of light, lines of definition.  The result, novoimago, is a photograph.....but there is a depth there that I have never achieved in other photography.  The light shimmers a little more and the darks glow.

The novoimage image is of Art Deco Bronx architecture.  The fabulous Art Deco that once pervaded all of New York City is still very much alive in the Bronx.  Novoimago embellishes the photograph with added depth and an ephemeral quality that makes it more alive and creates an entrance into the actual two dimensions of the photographic medium.

Novoimago: Bronx, NY

Friday, May 13, 2016

Tips for Sepia Photography

Whatever your photographic subject, you will want your sepia photography to be excellent.  Here are a few tips that have worked well for many of the photographers I know who specialize in sepia photography, including me!

1.  Critical in any visual: recognize your light source.

 The light source defines the image.  You may use one specific source of light or many, but you should pinpoint the origin(s) of the light before the first shutter click.  Why is this so important?  Light creates form and interest.  The light source lets you know where to place your highlights and shadows.  The light source actually shapes the highlights and shadows in the image.  For example:
this photograph of a charming courtyard I took in Vienna is dappled with shadow from the graceful tree in the near background and trees whose branches frame the upper left boarder but most of which are not seen.  The natural light from the upper left/and some center light filters through the leaves to create the lacy shadows.  The elegant wrought iron railing also casts some shadows.  But notice that where the light is blocked, for instance by the near wall of the stairs, there is a dark shadow , which forms a distinct shape.  Too, the facade of the building is in a lighter tone of shadow because the light is not directly illuminating it.  The near building on the right is lit by a softer ambient light that we know as daylight and not by specific and direct sunlight.  

Vienna Courtyard

2.  Define your subject.

Prospect Park in Brooklyn holds many happy childhood memories for me.  I especially loved to ride the Carousel and to try to catch the brass ring for a "free" ride.  I wanted to capture the magic I felt on those wonderful carefree days in my photograph of the Prospect Park Carousel.  The distinct focal point of the image is the structure that houses the Carousel.  This is the building that came into view after my trekking across the grassy lawns of the park.  The twinkling inner lights beckoned me to the fantasy wooden horses within.  The trees and shrubs around the lovely old brick building, somewhat stripped like a circus tent, create a frame and heighten my anticipation of the joys of childhood.  As a child, I felt as if the borders of foliage were like gates to pass through to get to the ultimate delight of my Carousel ride(s).  In the photograph, I have created a story surrounding the subject of those joys.  Identify your subject first and weave a pictorial story around that particular focal point.

Prospect Park Carousel: Brooklyn

3.  Know if you are going for high or low contrast.

While you are shooting, it is a good idea to decide whether or not you will want your photograph to have high contrast or to have far more subtler tones (low contrast).  Perhaps you only work with dark darks and brilliant lights.  Then your decision is made for you.  Personally, although I think that my photographs are recognizable as my work/style, I prefer not to limit myself by creating only high contrast or low.  Therefore, when I am looking at my subjects, I get a feel for the shadows and the afore mentioned light.  I decide where the darkest darks are and try to find form and definition in those ares while shooting.  There is nothing worse than a black blob in my photograph, except for a white/blown out light.  In the brightest lights, I look for detail.  Once you have downloaded the shots, even if you are working in the studio, the light has changed.  Far better to decide the nature of the photograph while you are taking the pictures. 

On the left, I saw the entrance to this grand old Manhattan building from behind a staircase.  I was intrigued about coming out of shadow and into the light.  The arch and circular motifs added definition to the darks and gave me an opportunity to "glow" the lights through the image.  The high contrast theme of the sepia photograph adds to the overall feeling of emerging from shadow to light.

The photograph on the right is a hazy summer's day image that is meant to tell that story.  Walking on the road in a New England town, I spied a pretty, old B&B.  The sun was shimmering with that warm, fuzzy heat of summer and I liked the subtle tonalities of the scene.  It is critical to add some darker and lighter elements to the image to create a feeling of form and space; however, these may be very slight in tonality.

It should be mentioned that high contrast and low contrast sepia are far different from their counterparts in black and white photography.  I, personally, find that sepia can be a softer, more delicately muted medium than black and white, even in high contrast sepia images.  Slamming in the darks or evoking those blinding lights (always with detail) in sepia photographs still produce a somewhat more understated photograph than the same image in black and white. 

High Contrast/Low Contrast

4. Understand the tonal properties of sepia.

Sepia, like black and white photography, has specific tonal properties.  Sepia is a monochromatic medium, and as such focuses primarily on subject rather than color.  Photography, for the most part, seeks to provide three dimentionality on a two dimensional plane.  Even abstracts mainly want to create a certain level of depth and spatial relationship.  This is where tone comes in.  The tones or values of light and dark in any visual work provide form and depth.  Darks usually afford a proximity to the viewer while lights recede into the background/distance.  The subject has many tones of dark and light to create that three dimensional feel.  Try to find these lights and darks and blend the various tones into your work.

It must also be considered that sepia may be cool or warm as a tone.  It is much more color-orientated than black and white, which may also be cool or warm to a certain degree.  Whereas black and white does offer an infinite tonality range, sepia goes even further because its origin is in color. It may be noted that I shoot all of my photography in RGB/color, which I believe gives me more opportunity to express subtle shades/tones.  However, I certainly respect those photographers who use monochrome to shoot and who have contrasting views to mine regarding tonality and achieving it in photography. 

The photograph on the left of the Astor Houses in Harlem is a very cool sepia palette. My intention was to create a tranquil row of houses in a low key tonal range that showcased the beauty and history of the architecture.  On the right is a warm sepia photograph taken in Newport, RI.  It was a lovely fall day and the warm sepia tones highlight the sunny/shady park-like setting.

Each photograph was originally taken in color.  The sepia tones were added after the images were converted to black and white in the computer.  I then gradually "built" the sepia tones to where I wanted them.

Cool Sepia/Warm Sepia

5.  Decide before hand if you are working on individual photographs or a series.

A series of photographs using sepia values is usually more successful if the tonalities are in a similar range and temperature.  Of course, that is entirely up to the discretion of the photographer.

The top two (below) photographs are of Miami.  The warm tones and the bold contrasts communicate my feelings about the Florida city: heat, shadow, Art Deco, nightlife, tropical. Warm sepia tones with high contrasts.

The center photographs are of Dresden, Germany.  I was there in cool weather.  The German light is a cooler light at most all times. It has a mystical quality: a soft, tangible feeling of ancient stone and history (although Dresden was rebuilt in the last half century).  There is a dreamy quality about the place rather than the roaring vibrancy of Miami.  Cool sepia tones in low contrast

Finally, a stand alone view of the Manhattan skyline from Brooklyn.  Some tones are warm and some are cool.  The darks are more subtle than those in the Miami photographs, but not as ethereal as the Dresden images.  In this one photograph, I captured my feelings about looking across the river to the magic spires of the Big Apple.


Last word:

No matter what medium you use for your photography, sepia, black and white or/and color, always find the light and utilize its marvels to enhance your images.  Remember to focus on your subject.  And, perhaps most important: find your voice through your photography, which ultimately is a form of your self-expression.

Friday, April 8, 2016

The Art of Architectural Photography: Values

Values create space, perspective, interest and a dynamic among elements in a work.  Values are the lights and darks and how these interact to establish the subject, whether it be representation or abstract.  Few works of art are one-note in tone.  Those that are iconic as "lacking" the interplay of shadow and highlight are unique in a way that few can replicate or build on.  For most every other art form, values are a structural element that is indispensable in conveying ideas that will resonate with the viewer, or for that matter, the artist as creator.

All master artists are concerned with light.  Even "black" paintings are constructed by light: leaving light out or placing light strategically to impact the work.  One can tell where a work of art was produced by the nature of the light within the work.  For example Spanish artists use a warm light, whereas Swedish values are often cool.  Of course these are not hard and fast "art rules."  Artists may use any lights and darks that appeal to them or that make the work an expression of the specific subject in an individual way.

There were a great many opportunities for me to study light and its effects on architecture when I traveled in India.  The darks and lights in India are incredibly complex because of the brilliance of the sun, which produces dazzling lights and contrasting darks in an infinite variety.  From the softest, mists of palest grays to the darkest shadows, the darks are manipulated and slammed into a visual experience like powerful thunderclaps by the brilliant lights.  This juxtaposition of values intensifies the fascinating and magnificent architecture, evoking feelings of great mystery and echoing the mystical premise on which many temples and public buildings were shaped.

Black and White Architectural Photography: Khajuraho, India

Sunday, March 20, 2016

The Art of Architectural Photography 3-20-2016

Details, details, details.  The addition or lack of details creates interest in the work.  Whether it be a sprig of parsley on the plate or a row of shiny buttons on a coat sleeve, the details frequently draw attention to the overall composition.  There are instances, of course, when extraneous trifles can harm a great composition.  It's hard to tell what to put in and what to leave out! "God is in the details" V. "Less is more?"

Then there are the compositions that are composed solely of a detail or details.  Often I look at the details of architecture and think "That would be so perfect on its own."  In fact, the are parks and gardens specifically devoted to showcasing details of former structures.  These are wonderful treats for the eye.  Too, antique shops frequently have doorknockers, mantle pieces, wrought iron gates,  carved doors and a host of other remnants in wood, metal and stone.

So if the details are best left out, find another way to create with them!

 Sepia Architectural Photography: Architectural Detail

Friday, March 11, 2016

Sketching With Instagram

For a number of years I painted portraits of dogs.  During that time, I sketched dogs at every opportunity.  There were many.  Living in New York, I could travel the tri-state area, New York, Pennsylvania and Connecticut, to go to various dog shows, which always had many beautiful breeds available to observe and sketch.  Show dogs also have a talent for sitting for their watchers, so I garnered much valuable information for my portraits.  Then, too, there are the dog friendly areas in Central Park, such as Strawberry Fields, and numerous shelters in my area that lend themselves to dog-watching of a more spontaneous nature.  I was able to capture poses of dogs in daily activities and also see numerous mixed breeds.  Sketching always laid the groundwork for my oil and pastel portraits.  Sketching not only saved me time and error in portrait painting but as well, it was a highly enjoyable way to increase my skills as an artist.

Sketching with the camera is also a way to prepare for serious commissioned images or commercial photography.  I always have a point-and-shoot camera with me.  For the last few years I have been using a Lumix, which is a great camera to walk around with.  I shoot dozens of sketch-like photos during the course of a week with the Lumix, which are very useful indeed.  For example, I'll photograph textures whenever I see something that may come in handy for an image with blown out highlights that I'd like to "restore" in Photoshop.  Since my photography is mainly architectural, these textures will be of stucco, brick, stone, wood and the like. I also "photo sketch" for values, composition and subjects to which I'd like to return.

Instagram is a much simpler way to photo sketch than using the point and shoot camera. For one thing, the iPhone is a very accessible device with which to do very quick impressions.  Using Instagram as a method to both immediately capture an image/idea and communicate to others is a great platform.  Of course, for me, personally, the photographs are rarely usable for my clients or for art photography because of several reasons: low resolution, limited focusing and small shooting range of images, to name a few.  If I were photographing with the cameras that I would ordinarily use on a photography shoot, I would have many more options to work with.  However Instagraming on my iPhone is a very enjoyable way to sketch and to share with others some of the marvelous architecture I love.
Below are several Instagram sketches from last week.

Black and White Architectural Photography

Black and White Architectural Photography
NYC Architectural Photography

Black and White Architectural Photography